Installation from Binary Packages for Beginners

Here we demonstrate the installation of a Dune stable release from binary packages on a Debian system or one of its derivatives like Ubuntu.

Installing Dune core modules

First we install the Dune core modules by executing the following command:

sudo apt install libdune-grid-dev libdune-istl-dev

You need root access in order to execute this command. The sudo command will ask for your password and you need to be in the list of sudoers (which is automatically the case for the user who has been created when installing Ubuntu).

The command installs libraries and include files at appropriate places in the system. Since Dune is a software framework that allows you to write your own applications in C++ we also need some source code to compile.

Installing and compiling the Dune grid howto

Before you can compile your own C++ programs you need some additional software installed on your Ubuntu system that is not part of the freshly installed system. So execute the following commands:

sudo apt install git
sudo apt install cmake
sudo apt install texlive
sudo apt install texlive-science
sudo apt install texlive-latex-extra
sudo apt install texlive-bibtex-extra
sudo apt install texlive-math-extra
sudo apt install texlive-fonts-extra

Git is a program that enables you to access the server where the Dune source code is stored. CMake is a program that is needed to set up the Dune build system for your computer (it finds out about the compiler to be used, where the required libraries are located, etc.). Finally, a TeX installation is needed to process the documentation of the Dune grid howto. Note: In fact, all the packages with texlive in the name are not necessary if you do not want to build the documentation on your computer. The Dune grid howto documentation is also available here instead.

Now create a new directory in which you want to place your Dune source file installation and step into it:

mkdir mydir
cd mydir

Then you can download the source code of the Dune grid howto from Dune’s server:

git clone

This has dowloaded the current state of the development of the Dune grid howto. In order to get the release version execute the following commands:

cd dune-grid-howto
git checkout releases/x.y
cd ..

Here, x.y is the version of the release you want. For example, to obtain the 2.6 release substitute 2.6 for x.y.

Finally, the following command initializes the build system and compiles the dune grid howto:

dunecontrol --only=dune-grid-howto all

Congratulations, you have compiled your first Dune applications! But where are they? The executables can be found in the following directory:

cd dune-grid-howto/build-cmake



executes the finite volume example. It writes graphical output files in the vtu file format. In order to look at these you need to install paraview:

sudo apt install paraview

Another useful program that allows the automatic generation of triangular and tetrahedral meshes is gmsh which can be installed with

sudo apt install gmsh
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